lovebet爱博【初中英语】必考八生时态结构及用法详解。英语时态用法很聚合!

学好时态基本就拿下了语法的半壁江山,还原行为动词

​时态无疑是初中英语最重点的语法内容,学好时态基本就攻破了语法的孤岛。今天总结的八种时态是大家在初中阶段必学必考的,中考复习时必要是加倍重视哦!(温馨提示:不要遗忘收藏哦,用时吓找)

同一、一般现在时时

1.定义:经常、反复起的动作要行为及本之某种状况。

  1. 概念:经常、反复发生的动作要作为同现之某种状况。

  2. 基本组织:①is/am/are;②do/does

2.核心结构:①is/am/are;②do/does

否认形式:①am/is/are+not;②者时态的谓语动词若为表现动词,则在那个前面加don’t,如主语为第三人称单数,则据此doesn’t,同时还原行为动词。

否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②之时态的谓语动词若为表现动词,则以那个面前加don’t,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn’t,同时还原行为动词。

3.
一般问题句:①将is/am/are动词放于句首;②就此助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则因此does,同时,还原行动词。

3.相似问题句:①拿is/am/are动词放为句首;②于是助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行动词。

  1. 用法

4.用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常跟代表频度的时光状语连用。

1)经常性或习惯性的动作,常跟代表频度的流年状语连用。

像:I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早晨我七沾离家。

譬如说:I leave home for school at 7 every morning.每天早上己七接触距离家。

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学真相。

2)客观真理,客观存在,科学真相。

诸如:The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转。

像:The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳兜。

Shanghai lies in the east ofChina. 上海放在中国东部。

Shanghai lies in the east ofChina.上海位居中国东部。

3) 表示格言或警句。

3)表示格言或警句。

诸如:Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

如:Pride goes before a fall.骄者必败。

只顾:此所以法而出现于宾语从句被,即使主句是过去经常,从句谓语也要是为此一般现在常常。

专注:此所以法而出现于宾语从句被,即使主句是过去常,从句谓语也如就此一般现在隔三差五。

例如:Columbus proved that the earth is round. 哥伦布证实了球是健全之。

譬如:Columbus proved that the earth is round.哥伦布证实了地是完美之。

4) 现在天天的状态、能力、性格、个性。

4)现在无时无刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。

例如:I don’t want so much. 我不要那么基本上。

譬如:I don’t want so much.我不用那么基本上。

Ann writes good English but does not speak
well.安英语写得是,讲的而生。

Ann writes good English but does not speak
well.安英语写得科学,讲的但大。

5) 一般现在经常表示前含义

5)一般现在时常表示前含义

a. 下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return的相似现在时得以象征前,主要为此来表示以时上已规定要安排好之政工。

a.下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return的貌似现在时时得以象征前,主要为此来表示以日达到已经规定或者配备好之事体。

比如说:The train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点始发。

譬如说:The train leaves at six tomorrow morning.火车明天上午六点开始。

When does the bus star? It stars in ten minutes.
汽车什么时起?十分钟后。

When does the bus star? It stars in ten
minutes.汽车什么时起?十分钟后。

b. 于时或者标准语句被。

b.以时空或规范语句被。

譬如说:When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me.
比尔来后,让他顶自我。

譬如:When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for
me.比尔来后,让他相当自己。

I’ll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 我及了那边,就写信给你。

I’ll write to you as soon as I arrive there.我交了那边,就写信给你。

其次、一般过去常常

1.定义:过去有时间里生的动作要状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

1.
定义:过去有时间里发的动作要状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.中坚构造:①was/were;②行为动词过去式

  1. 着力结构:①was/were;②作为动词过去式

否认形式:①was/were+not;②以表现动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。

否定形式:①was/were+not;②于表现动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。

一般问题句:①was要were放于句首;②于是助动词do的仙逝式did提问,同时还原行为动词。

诚如问题句:①was要么were放于句首;②所以助动词do的仙逝式did
提问,同时还原行为动词。

3.用法

  1. 用法

1)在确定的仙逝时间里所来的动作要在的状态。

1) 在确定的仙逝时间里所发生的动作要在的状态。

日子状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in
1982顶。

时光状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in
1982抵。

比如说:Where did you go just now?刚才公达标哪儿去矣?

例如:Where did you go just now? 刚才您达成哪儿去了?

2)表示以过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

2) 表示于过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

例如:When I was a child, I often played football in the street.

例如:When I was a child, I often played football in the street.

自是单子女的下,常以街道上踹足球。

自身是个男女的时刻,常以街道上踹足球。

Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm
welcome.

Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm
welcome.

那时,布朗同贱任什么时去,都遭受热烈欢迎。

当初,布朗同下任什么时候失去,都遭遇热烈欢迎。

留意:used to +
do:”过去不时”表示过去习惯性的动作要状态,但现在早已不有。

瞩目:used to +
do:”过去经常”表示过去习惯性的动作要状态,但今天就非在。

诸如:Mother used not to be so forgetful.老妈过去从没那么健忘。

如:Mother used not to be so forgetful. 老妈过去未曾那健忘。

Scarf used to take a walk.斯卡夫过去常散步。

Scarf used to take a walk. 斯卡夫过去隔三差五散步。

1.定义:表示即要么提时着展开的动作和行为。

老三、现在进行时

2.岁月状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

  1. 概念:表示目前要么称时常着展开的动作以及表现。

  2. 时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

  3. 中心构造:am/is/are+doing

3.骨干组织:am/is/are+doing

否认形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

否定形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

相似问题句:把be动词放吃句首。

一般问题句:把be动词放于句首。

  1. 用法:

4.用法:

1) 表示现在(指说话人谈话时常)正在发生的作业。

1)表示现在(指说话人言时)正在发的事情。

如: We are waiting for you. 我们正等您。

比如说: We are waiting for you.我们在等公。

2) 习惯进行:表示长期的抑重复性的动作,说话时常动作未必在拓展。

2)习惯进行:表示长期的要重复性的动作,说话时动作未必在展开。

比如:Mr. Green is writing another novel.
他于描绘另一样总理小说。(说话时常无在形容,只处于创作的状态。)

比如说:Mr. Green is writing another
novel.他当写另一样总统小说。(说话时并未在描写,只处于创作的状态。)

3) 表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。

3)表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。

例如:The leaves are turning red. 叶子于更换红。

比如:The leaves are turning red.叶子在换红。

It’s getting warmer and warmer. 天越来越热了。

It’s getting warmer and warmer.天越来越热了。

4) 与always, constantly, forever
等词连用,表示反复发生的动作要连在的状态,往往带有说话人的不合理色彩。例如:

4)与always, constantly,
forever等歌词连用,表示反复发生的动作要持续在的状态,往往包含说话人的无理色彩。例如:

You are always changing your mind. 你每次改变主意。

You are always changing your mind.你每次改变主意。

5) 用现在进行经常表示前

5)用本开展经常表示前

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return等一下动词的现行进行经常可以表示前。

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return等一下动词的今天拓展时可象征前。

譬如说:I’m leaving tomorrow. 明天己如果动了。

例如:I’m leaving tomorrow.明天自家若走了。

Are you staying here till next week? 你见面以此时呆到下周为?

Are you staying here till next week?你会于这儿呆到下周吗?

季、过去拓展时

1.定义:表示过去某段时间或某某平等随时在产生或开展的所作所为要动作。

  1. 概念:表示过去某段时间还是某某平等时时在发或开展的行事要动作。

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.

自己哥们骑车时摔了下,受了侵害。

本身哥们骑车时坏了下,受了贬损。

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

本人到山顶时,阳光灿烂。

我到顶峰时,阳光灿烂。

2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that
time或为when引导之谓语动词是一般过去每每之年月状语等。

  1. 时光状语:at this time yesterday, at that
    time或因when引导之谓语动词是相似过去每每的辰状语等。

  2. 骨干构造:was/were+doing

3.为主组织:was/were+doing

否定形式:was/were + not + doing.

否认形式:was/were + not + doing.

诚如问题句:把was或were放于句首。

相似问题句:把was或were放于句首。

  1. 用法

4.用法

1) 过去进行时表示过去某段时间外连开展的动作要工作。

1)过去拓展经常表示过去某段时间外不断开展的动作要工作。

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

昨天晚上七点至九点的上咱们当看电视机。

昨天晚上七触及交九点的时段咱们在拘留电视机。

2) 过去进展时得代表以过去有时间接触有的事务。

2)过去拓展经常可代表以过去某时刻接触出的政工。

时接触可就此介词短语、副词或从句来表示。

时刻接触好为此介词短语、副词或打句来代表。

What was she doing at nine o’clock yesterday?

What was she doing at nine o’clock yesterday?

昨天晚上九点它在举行啊? (介词短语表示时间点)

昨天晚上九触及它以做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

She was doing her homework then.

She was doing her homework then.

异常时段她在写作业。(副词表示时间点)

十分时刻她正写作业。(副词表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

当自家见他的时刻他正装修房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

当自己见他的时光他正装修房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

3)
在复合句被,如果要动作和背景动作还是持续的或又产生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去展开时。

3)在复合句被,如果主要动作和背景动作还是继往开来的或又产生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去拓展时。

When he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.

When he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.

他边当车边看报。 (两只动作还是延续的)

外边等车边看报。 (两单动作还是继往开来的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking.

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking.

他擦车时我当起火。(两个动作同时拓展)

他擦车时自我于起火。(两独动作同时展开)

五、一般将来时时

1.定义:表示将要发生的动作要有的状态和打算、计划要准备做某事。

  1. 概念:表示即将发生的动作要有的状态与打算、计划要准备做某事。

  2. 时光状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year),soon, in a few
    minutes, by the day after tomorrow, etc.

  3. 着力组织:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will + do.

2.日子状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year),soon, in a few
minutes, by the day after tomorrow, etc.

否认形式:①am/is/are+not+going to + do②will not(won’t)+ do.

3.主干组织:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will + do.

貌似问题句:①am/is/are放吃句首;②will提到句首。

否定形式:①am/is/are+not+going to + do②will not(won’t)+ do.

  1. will主要用于在偏下三只地方:

一般问题句:①am/is/are放被句首;②will提到句首。

1) 表示主观愿望的未来。

  1. will主要用于在以下三个点:

They will go to visit the factory tomorrow.

1)表示主观愿望的未来。

明他俩拿去工厂参观工厂。

They will go to visit the factory tomorrow.

I’ll come with Wang Bing, Liu Tao and Yang Ling.

明日他们以失去工厂参观工厂。

我拿与王兵、刘涛、杨玲同起。

I’ll come with Wang Bing, Liu Tao and Yang Ling.

2) 表示不坐人数的定性为转移的客体的明天。

自身拿跟王兵、刘涛、杨玲同起。

Today is Saturday. Tomorrow will be Sunday.

2)表示未以人口之恒心为换的客体的明天。

今是星期六。明天凡是(将)是星期天。

Today is Saturday. Tomorrow will be Sunday.

He will be thirty years old this time next year.

今天凡星期六。明天是(将)是周末。

明是上他便(将)三十岁。

He will be thirty years old this time next year.

3) 表示即决定,通常用于对话中。

新年这个时刻他就算(将)三十春秋。

—Mary has been ill for a week.

3)表示即决定,通常用于对话中。

玛丽病了扳平全面了。

—Mary has been ill for a week.

—Oh, I didn’t know. I will go and see her.

玛丽病了相同周到了。

哦,我无明白。我错过探视她。

—Oh, I didn’t know. I will go and see her.

  1. be going to主要用来一下零星单方面:

噢,我莫亮。我失去探望它。

1) 表示先经过考虑、安排好打算、计划而召开某事。

  1. be going to主要用来一下点儿独点:

Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon.

1)表示先经过考虑、安排好打算、计划要召开某事。

今天下午我与爸爸打算去押歌剧。

Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon.

2) 表示因当下某种迹象判断,某事非常有或产生,表示想。

今天下午我跟爸爸打算去押歌剧。

Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain.

2)表示根据当前某种迹象判断,某事非常有或发,表示想。

看!乌云密集。天若下雨了。

Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain.

六、过去前常

探!乌云密集。天而下雨了。

  1. 概念:立足于过去有平等天天,从过去拘留将来,常用来宾语从句被。

  2. 岁月状语:the next day(morning, year),the following month(week),etc.

  3. 主干构造:①was/were/going to + do;②would + do.

1.定义:立足为过去某个一样时刻,从过去羁押将来,常用于宾语从句被。

否定形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would + not + do.

2.光阴状语:the next day(morning, year),the following month(week),etc.

诚如问题句:①was还是were放于句首;②would 提到句首。

3.基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would + do.

  1. 用法

否认形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would + not + do.

1) “would+动词原形”常表示主观愿望的未来。例如:

一般问题句:①was要么were放于句首;②would提到句首。

He said he would come to see me.

4.用法

他说他要来拘禁我。

1) “would+动词原形”常表示主观意愿的前。例如:

He told me he would go to Beijing.

He said he would come to see me.

他报告自己他以失去北京。

他说他要是来拘禁我。

2) “was/ were+going to+动词原形”常表示遵照计划或配备将有的从。例如:

He told me he would go to Beijing.

She said she was going to start off at once.

外告我他以去都。

它说她用随即出发。

2) “was/ were+going to+动词原形”常表示以计划或者部署即将发生的从。例如:

I was told that he was going to return home.

She said she was going to start off at once.

有人告诉自己他准备回家。

它们说它们将马上出发。

以此布局尚可代表根据某种迹象来拘禁,很可能要即将出的作业。例如:

I was told that he was going to return home.

It seemed as if it was going to rain.

有人报告自己他准备回家。

如上所述好像要下雨。

是布局尚而代表根据某种迹象来拘禁,很可能要即将产生的作业。例如:

3) come, go, leave, arrive,
start等一下动词动词可用过去展开时表示过去前底意思。例如:

It seemed as if it was going to rain.

He said the train was leaving at six the next morning.

看来好像使下雨。

他说火车将让次天早上六点离开。

3) come, go, leave, arrive,
start等一下动词动词可用过去进行经常表示过去前的义。例如:

She told me she was coming to see me.

He said the train was leaving at six the next morning.

其告我她如来拘禁自己。

他说火车将为次天早晨六点去。

七、现在到位时

She told me she was coming to see me.

1.
概念:过去发生或者已经成功的动作对现行造成的熏陶或者结果,或从过去早已开,持续至今天以产生或继续下去的动作要状态。

它们告知自己她如果来拘禁本身。

  1. 时刻状语:recently, lately, since, for, in the past few years, etc.

  2. 主干结构:have/has + done

1.概念:过去产生或已经形成的动作对现行造成的熏陶要结果,或从过去已起,持续至如今同时发生或继续下去的动作要状态。

否定形式:have/has + not +done.

2.时间状语:recently, lately, since, for, in the past few years, etc.

貌似问题句:have或has。

3.核心结构:have/has + done

  1. since的老三种用法

否认形式:have/has + not +done.

1) since +过去一个时间点(如具体的年、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month,
half past six)。

貌似问题句:have或has。

比如说:I have been here since 1989. 1989于,我一直以这时。

  1. since的老三种用法

2) since +一段时间+ ago。

1) since +过去一个时间点(如具体的年景、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month,
half past six)。

比如说:I have been here since five months ago. 我以这时候,已经来五单月了。

比如:I have been here since 1989. 1989打,我直接当此刻。

3) since +从句(一般过去经常)。

2) since +一段时间+ ago。

比如说:Great changes have taken place since you left.
你走后,变化而生了。

例如:I have been here since five months ago.我于这儿,已经来五独月了。

比较since和for

3) since +从句(一般过去常)。

since 用来证实动作起始时间,for用来验证动作延续时间长短。

例如:Great changes have taken place since you left.你运动后,变化而生了。

譬如:I have lived here for more than twenty
years.我已在此时二十基本上年了。

比较since和for

留神:并非有for 作为日状语的句子都因此本完结时。

since用来证明动作起始时间,for用来证实动作延续时间长。

I worked here for more than twenty years. (我今天曾无在这里工作。)

像:I have lived here for more than twenty
years.我已在这二十大抵年了。

八、过去做到时

只顾:并非发生for作为时间状语的句子都用今天成功时。

1.
概念:以过去有时间为专业,在此先发的动作要行为,或在过去某个动作之前形成的行事,即“过去底过去”。

I worked here for more than twenty years. (我今天曾经非在此处办事。)

  1. 岁月状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month),etc.

  2. 中心结构:had + done.

1.定义:以过去某时刻啊标准,在斯先来的动作要行为,或以过去之一动作之前完成的一言一行,即“过去之千古”。

否定形式:had + not + done.

2.工夫状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month),etc.

相似问题句:had放吃句首。

3.骨干结构:had + done.

  1. 用法

否认形式:had + not + done.

1) 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后底宾语从句种。

一般问题句:had放给句首。

例如:She said (that)she had never been to Paris. 她告自己她早就去了巴黎。

4.用法

2)
在过去不同时发出的一定量单动作受到,发生原先,用过去到位时;发生在继,用一般过去常。

1)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后底宾语从句种。

譬如:When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
警察到时,小偷们早就跑了。

像:She said (that)she had never been to Paris.她告诉自己她就失去过巴黎。

3) 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,

2)在过去不等时发出的少数单动作受到,发生原先,用过去成功时;发生在后,用一般过去经常。

suppose等,用过去形成时表示”原本…,未能…”。

像:When the police arrived, the thieves had run
away.警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。

例如:We had hoped that you would come, but you didn’t.
那时我们盼望你能来,但是若莫来。

3)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,

注意: had hardly… when… 刚……就……。

suppose等,用过去完结时表示”原本…,未能…”。

譬如:I had hardly opened the door when I he hit me.
我正好打开门,他就算由了自。

比如说:We had hoped that you would come, but you
didn’t.那时咱们意在而能够来,但是若没有来。

had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……。

注意: had hardly… when…刚……就……。

诸如:He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.
他刚刚采购了立即辆车,转眼又卖了。

例如:I had hardly opened the door when I he hit
me.我刚打开门,他就从了自。

had no sooner…than刚……就……。

如:He had no sooner bought the car than he sold
it.他刚打了立即辆车,转眼又出售了。

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